By: Jinky Z. Manuntag, RN
Diabetes is one of the four main types of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD), or Lifestyle Diseases, that causes 38 million deaths annually worldwide according to World Health Organization. Alarmingly, 1/3 of these deaths occur among low- and middle-income countries like the Philippines. Everyone is susceptible to risk factors, like unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, exposure to tobacco smoke or the effects of the harmful use of alcohol, causing these serious illnesses.
Due to the nature of work in the field of education, more often than not, teachers and staff are inclined to make a pass on workouts and proper meals. Citing tightness in schedule or work overload as an excuse. To make the scenario worst, fast emerging urbanization and globalization of unhealthy lifestyles that offers convenience are what majority of us takes, hence the suffering from NCD like Diabetes.
An increasing number of people with diabetes mellitus are turning to yoga in an effort to keep their condition under control and improve overall quality of life. It is well known that regular practice of yoga can help reduce levels of stress, enhance mobility, lower blood pressure and improve overall wellbeing.
Health experts believe that these benefits can improve diabetes management and protect against other related medical conditions such as heart disease.
What is Yoga?
Yoga is a series of mental, physical and spiritual disciplines that originated in ancient India over 5,000 years ago. The practice of yoga helps to co-ordinate the breath, mind and body to promote relaxation, develop breath awareness and provide a sense of inner peace. It involves various body postures and movements (known as asanas), breathing techniques and meditation, which are all designed to promote physical comfort and mental composure. There are several forms of yoga, but in the west the most widely taught form is Hatha Yoga.
Benefits for People with Diabetes
Yoga is considered to be a promising, cost-effective option in the treatment and prevention of diabetes, with data from several studies suggesting that yoga and other mind-body therapies can reduce stress-related hyperglycemia and have a positive effect on blood glucose control.
Controlling mental stress (stress management) is one of the keys of diabetes treatment. When we’re stressed, our blood sugar levels increase and elevated blood sugar levels increase the chances of serious complications such as heart disease.
Using controlled breathing techniques, meditation and body postures, yoga and other mindfulness-based programs train participants to invoke a relaxation response.
This response helps regulate cortisol and other stress hormones, which increases blood pressure and blood glucose levels. Both play a big role in the development of type 2 diabetes and related complications.
Yoga can also treat diabetes, or in the case of type 2 diabetes, prevent the disease from developing by:
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