by: Maila M. Capulong
Having been in the Department of Education for
almost ten years now, I have been exposed to many programs and projects
involving improvements in the curriculum, its delivery and other components
necessary to provide quality education to all Filipinos. But there is one vital
action that every teacher must be willing to do for her/him to know the root
causes of classroom problems, adjustments to be made in teaching methods and
the atmosphere to be created in nurturing the minds and spirits of every
learner in the school.
Action research is a basic tool
thatpromises academic progress for teachers, principals and other education
personnel. It is basically designed and conducted by practitioners who analyze
the data to improve their own practice. It allows them to experience problem
solving activities. It attempts to answer two basic questions: how well are the
students learning? And how well are the teachers teaching?
It has the potential to
generate genuine and sustained improvements in schools. It gives educators new
opportunities to reflect on and assess their teaching; it gives them a chance
to explore and test new ideas, methods and materials; it helps them to assess
how effective the new approaches were and it aids them to share feedback with
fellow team members and to make decisions about new curriculum, instructions
and assessment plans.
Action research on teaching needs a more
systematic approach to make observations and keep records. It involves a cycle
of planning, action, observation and reflection. This cyclic process, action
and evaluation are interlinked. It involves a change or intervention.
I hope I can expound in details what an action research is through
exposure to readings and examples being submitted by different teachers
awaiting for approval from the division office. I want to ascertain the
definition and importance of action research and I hope it is done for the
purposes of research specifically in improving instruction and not just when
the teachers want to earn points for their promotion.
Certainly, it can help the teachers upgrade
their professional status but, do they really know what it is about and how can
they prepare a good action research?
I will enumerate the steps involved in action research
preparation by quoting on Gray in 2000. In his steps he enumerated the
a. Identify a
topic or problem
b. Gather data
c. Present a
d. Apply the
e. Reflect on
f. Continue the
I can actually quote more of the famous
researchers like Mills in 2003 and Nunan in 1990. Yet, this may be enough for
guidance in preparing your action research. We should not forget that in our action
research these are the only components: question, observation and listening,
interview, talk, writing and reading.
By following the above steps, I
can formally say that teachers are ready to conquer the world of action
research at their own pace, giving priority in finding solutions to perennial
problems, intervening in new approaches in teaching methods and in making the
classroom not just a place to learn, but also a place in building every learner’s dreams and aspirations in life.