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Technology in Education

posted Jun 20, 2017, 6:43 PM by Jose Dasig

by: Sarah Jenn R. San Blas

                When DepEd decided to integrate technology in the daily lesson of our students both in Junior High School and Senior High School, some teachers were surprised that they did not even know how to use basic e-mail. Most of them had no e-mail addresses and did not know how to create one. But then, our teachers became determined to teach them. Their advocacy is to promote the development of 21st century skills through the use of technology in teaching although it was not easy.

                Introducing technology in the school and the community was an uphill climb. It was really difficult and very challenging though technology was already present when DepEd started maximizing its use. A lot of teachers were open to the idea of shifting from manual to digital although some students were hesitant and would rather stick to the conventional way of learning.

                Fortunately, the K to 12 curriculum greatly help teachers in their efforts to help students harness the power of Internet. When the K to 12 curriculum started its roll-out in 2012, it became a window in promoting 21st century skills which include information, media and technology. Many teachers took advantage of it by constantly promoting and talking about how to utilize technology in order to make learning meaningful. They also invited representatives from an IT school who did the workshops.

                From there, they were able to expand learning and came to terms with the use of basic tools like PowerPoint, MS Word, Excel and basic Internet navigation. Since then, our students have enjoyed getting involved in many projects using tools such as Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Publisher and Photoshop

Support Strategies in Values Formation

posted Jun 20, 2017, 6:41 PM by Jose Dasig

by: Sarah Jenn R. San Blas

            Values Formation is not the sole responsibility of the school. The individual starts processing his values at home in the company of parents, siblings and significant others in the family such as grandparents, uncles, aunts, etc. The child’s thoughts, concepts, and feelings are largely influenced by the people he associates with from birth up to the time he starts formal schooling. The values that the individual has acquired are, to a large extent, a reflection of the values of the people around him in his formative years.

            During his childhood days, the child is exposed to both home and school influences. He sees values at home and values taught in school and starts clarifying which ones he can live by in his life time. It is in this stage of values development among young boys and girls that the school plays a crucial role. It is during this stage where the child, using his experiences at home and in school, decides where he wants to go, how he wants things to be done and where his direction in life will be.

            The school’s roles are two-fold: one of strengthening the positive and desirable values acquired at home and the second one, which is the more crucial and difficult one, is the restructuring of his thinking as a result of the negative values the child has acquired earlier in his life. The school’s role is critical and sensitive because it has to strengthen its capabilities to counteract the negative influences on the values system of the child brought about by negative values he may have acquired through tri-media --- the newsprint, the television and tapes and the broadcast media.

            With the mushrooming of different religious sects and beliefs, the child is again faced by the different teachings on spirituality and morality which sometimes lead to confusion and weakening of moral and spiritual values among the youth. He now tries to find out which is the truth, which is moral and which is good for himself. While this is not the sole responsibility of the church, the school can do something to exert its influence in clarifying confusing issues and thereby achieving the development of desirable values.

Enhancing Computer Literacy

posted Jun 20, 2017, 6:25 PM by Jose Dasig   [ updated Jun 20, 2017, 6:25 PM ]

by: Sarah Jenn R. San Blas


                Today, computers play a big role in education especially in developing countries like the Philippines. Computer has a capability for administrative and managerial users namely recording grades, paying school fees and others, as well as for teaching purposes. Moreover, it has given way to the development of multimedia which is creating an exciting and very real interactive learning environment for young learners like students. With computers and Internet technologies in particular, more people can now have access to more information quickly than ever before. Being computer literate gives the learner an opportunity to excel in rapidly changing environment in technology.

                In the Philippines, the K-to-12 program of Department of Education was fully implemented this school year 2016-2017.  Computer literacy is one of the skills based being facilitated by the DepEd. Specialization such as Computer Hardware Servicing. Animation among others are being studied by grade 11 students.

                Despite that students were given enough time and even guided to their chosen field, Educational technology is not enough and never will become a transformative on its own. It requires teachers who can integrate technology into the curriculum and use it to improve students learning. Since, teachers are the keys to how technology is used appropriately and effectively.

                In able to enhance computer literacy, teachers must be knowledgeable about Educational Technology. It requires teachers to integrate the technology to aid into the development of curriculum, learning process and methods of the studies. Teachers are the keys how the technology is used appropriately and effectively. The students from both genders were given equal opportunity to learn about computer literacy course. And the individual skills are given time for mastery to ensure the learners to develop appropriate technological based skills.

                In grade 11 of senior high school, students are expected to perform according to what they have learned in a particular learning discipline. The skills on computer literacy is being rated based on output of the learners. It is a necessary aspect of learning that enables the learners to possess skills towards 21st century as part of global competition in continuous evolvement of technology. Senior high school students particularly grade 11 must have the ability to adapt the fast changing technology of their generation to be able to compete in the emerging industries of 21st century.

Viruses: Try to remove it

posted Jun 19, 2017, 10:54 PM by Jose Dasig

by: Gideon N. Castillo

            Comparing to human body, computers can also be attacked or infected by viruses. There are ways on how we can find out if we are already infected and what kind of virus attacked us. Just like taking medicine that can fight and kill viruses we use anti-virus for our computers. Comparing to the human body it depends on what kind of virus the medicine and dosage you need to take. Same in computers, anti-virus you will install depends on what kind of virus you need to eliminate.  There is other way to remove virus.

            One of the possible ways to remove computer virus is to trace which software is the source of this virus. This process is a trial and error procedure. We will use the system configuration by doing this procedure. Here’s the instruction on how to do it:

To start with: Click the windows logo button on your keyboard; that is the button look like a window with four squares. Next, type in “msconfig ” then you will see the system configuration and click in the system configuration to launch the program. Proceed to the services tab and click in the “hide all Microsoft services” after the Microsoft programs are hidden you’ll need to do the trial and error procedure, you will select the five programs and disable it. Once it is disabled you will try to launch the program that is affected by the virus. If the program open smoothly or the signs/symptoms of the virus is lost then one of the five program that you disable contain the virus or is the virus itself. If this is the case then enable all of those five then disable it one by one and do the trial and error. Else, proceed with the set of five programs. 

Deleting Cache and Cookie and its importance

posted Jun 19, 2017, 10:52 PM by Jose Dasig

by: Gideon N. Castillo

One of the possible causes your Social Media account may hack is when you don’t delete the cache and cookie history on the computer you use to login your account. Delete cache and cookie especially when you login using computer in the computer shop. In order for you to understand it well, I will discuss what is cache and cookie and how to delete this file.

To start with, here is the meaning of cache and cookies. Cache means- specialized form of computer memory. In the care of Internet, “cache” is commonly used in the context of “browser cache” holds information wherever you surf the internet. Cookie means- a message given to a web browser by a web server. Serve as a messenger who grabs information to the web server.

And here is the process in deleting cache and cookie. If you are using Internet Explorer as your web browser launch the IE first then press “ crtl + shift + del “ button on your keyboard Then make sure that there is a check mark in the box of Browsing History, Cookies and saved websites data, Cached data and files and Download history. And lastly click the clear button to delete the cache and cookies. While if your using Google Chrome as your web browser, here’s what to do.

Launch the Google Chrome the press “ctrl + shift + del” on your keyboard (do it simultaneously). And make sure that you put on check on the files you want to delete, put a mark check on the box of Browsing history, Download history, Cookiead and other files plugs ins and Cache and other files.

This is a healthy activity for your computer because the files of cache and cookies also consume the storage of our computers plus there is website that was already updated and once you delete these files you will be directed to the most update page of the website that you previously visited. But if you don’t delete the cache and cookie and you visit again a website that you already visited the browser will load the outdate page of that website or if there is somebody visited the history of the browser he/she can launch your account on your social media account that you log in using that computer. That’s why it is highly suggested to delete the cache and cookies for the health of our computers and for our safety protection of our digital accounts.

Multimedia’s Efficiency in the Classroom

posted Jun 19, 2017, 10:40 PM by Jose Dasig   [ updated Jun 19, 2017, 10:48 PM ]

by: Gideon Castillo 

Multimedia is an effective tool inside the classroom that benefits both the learner and the teacher. How can we say that this benefits learner and teacher?  Let us discuss Multimedia.

Multimedia is the field concerned with the computer-controlled integration of text, graphics, drawings, still and moving images (Video), animation, audio, and any other media where every type of information can be represented, stored, transmitted and processed digitally. Multimedia support the students to easily understand the lesson because it more realistic. When the topic is more realistic we can easily get the attention of our learner and it motivates them.

The most common tool used by the teacher nowadays in presenting their lessons to their learners is Microsoft PowerPoint. Using Microsoft PowerPoint teachers can bring life to their lesson because it allows presenting videos, pictures, inserting of music and animations into the topic presented that caught the attention of the learners. This benefit the teacher because it is easy and user friendly tool.

Here are some of the advantages of using Multimedia.

Benefits for Learner:

Engaging and motivating.

Provide opportunities to try new things.

Incorporate additional useful skills into the curriculum.

Heightens project-based learning opportunities, etc..


            This benefits can be experienced by the learner through the skills of the facilitator who is the teacher.

The Importance of Information Security

posted Jun 19, 2017, 10:24 PM by Jose Dasig   [ updated Jun 19, 2017, 10:29 PM ]

by: Gideon N. Castillo

                 Why information security is important? When we talk about information it means facts provided by someone about himself or something. While, security means being free from danger or threat. According to Staffordshire University, Data holds on the IT systems is valuable and critical to school or business. This is the reason why they spend money protecting their database systems. We rely on IT to store and process information so it is   essential that we maintain information security.  

                The importance of Information Security is to preserve confidentiality, integrity and availability. For example in terms of learner’s profile, It is important that only concerned people can see the grades of the learner and this falls in preserving confidentiality.  Talking about Integrity we should provide the correct information of the learner’s like; correct grades, correct spelling of name and updated information in the system. Availability means the information must be available anytime especially when it is needed by the users.

                These are some of the essentials of Information Security. Once it is violated, sanctions are provided which will be faced by the offender. Aside from the Information Security we have laws that protect us from the cyber attackers. Information Security is one of the initiative that we can do to protect us from the cybercrimes like identity threat, etc.

A Teacher’s Diary of a Teaching Manifesto

posted Jun 15, 2017, 1:50 AM by Jose Dasig   [ updated Jun 15, 2017, 2:08 AM ]

by: Albert Punzalan
  1. An educator was never “once” a learner, because an educator is “always” a learner. Apart from continually serving for the fellowmen, a teacher runs like a cheetah, leaps like a tiger, climbs like a panther, and fights like a lion. A teacher moreover instills benevolence within the self, believing that kindness begets kindness. He or she respects students’ rights, reflects on everyday encounters, trusts that his or her mentees can accomplish all the requirements and keep studying well, and thanks God for the day spent worthy.
  2. In real life, grapevines do exist. It cannot be eliminated, but can be avoided. Nevertheless, just like the learners, teachers are also unique from each other; they vary with their personalities. Some may forget that they tend to act professionally so they just confront the problem with a little indignity. Some may avoid the mocking situation as if air invisibly passes by. Some may be disturbed by the mingling gossip of the voices around, but choose to talk about the problem with calmness and optimism. Whatever the problem may be, a teacher should end it as if a nail is being marred by a hammer. But the proper way leads the rest of the day.
  3. A teacher mentally and emotionally discerns anxiousness in every process of teaching and learning. From the planning of the lesson, creating instructional aides, proposing intrinsic and extrinsic motivations, executing activities, administering tests and other forms of assessments, evaluating scores, solving grades, and until the commencement exercises, all of these are the jobs of educators. Yet these are not distressing at all. When a mentor learns to enjoy every momentous step, fulfillment fills the gap. No matter how hard the task is, a teacher will surely shoot the ball without fail.
  4. Giving up is just a thought, but not a goal. The motto of a teacher is that teaching goes beyond profession, it is a mission. Feeling exhausted on a day’s duty is never an abnormality. Learn to rest while you are tired. Teachers are not unfeeling creatures. Even robots stop working when out of charge. The best way to avoid giving up is to refuel the energy all throughout the body – physically, mentally, spiritually, emotionally, and socially.
  5. A teacher touches the hearts of the students and makes a huge impact to their lives. But it goes back like a boomerang. The greatest accomplishment of a teacher is when they see their students made a big difference to the lives of other people.
  6. A teacher’s creed is not a selfish deed. Thinking of salary rate is normally practical. Even so, the quintessence of being a teacher is to sacrifice for the sake of the entirety. Well compensation somehow energizes the teacher to teach.
  7. The teacher is the students’ guide, yet God is the chieftain pilot. A teacher seeks guidance from the omnipotent heavenly father so that no one will get left behind.
  8. Lastly, once a teacher, always a teacher.


The Ladder Towards a Successful Performance-Based Assessment

posted Jun 15, 2017, 1:46 AM by Jose Dasig

By: Albert Punzalan

One of the pillars of learning demonstrates “learning to do.” It generally refers to how an individual acquires exceptional skills and to relive these skills to respond to the call of duty. In school, teachers are expected to not only transfer or teach the abilities that will hone the personality of the learner, but also push them how to comprehend, strategize, and enact a desired style that manifests like the reality – in short, exposing everybody to authentic activities. Their experiences count until they are able to reach the next level. Here are some stages to achieve a successful performance-based assessment:

Stage 1. Cite reliable articles or other references before planning a lesson. Direct planning based on stocked knowledge does not ensure adequacy or completeness of the competencies to be performed in future assessments. Although time constraint is a factor, it will still be helpful if some resources from experts, internet, or printed materials will be covered. Furthermore, it is easier to come up with essential tasks related to the lesson taught than to rely on experiences alone. One thing to ponder, always give credits to intellectual property owners.

Stage 2. You may now design your own lesson. If sufficient details are available, planning your own lesson is now made convenient, whether you are in a comfy place or roaming around the mall. Designing a lesson always begins with objectives. These objectives determine the flow of the lesson and the skills to be mastered. It is better to specify the outcomes of the lesson that will meet the percentage rate of those who will pass the assessment. Remember, there is a probability of having failed students, so make sure to be prepared for that result.

Stage 3. Come up with possible performance-based tasks. Since it is all about skills, the use of instructional materials will not be necessary (unless if it is about learning computer systems). We are referring to physical and human abilities that demonstrate how an individual should respond to the basic needs of community such as teaching, explaining, cooking, measuring, entertaining, doing social etiquettes, and the like. Performance-based methodologies are quite challenging to prepare, though it is also exciting to execute. It must, at all cost, reflect the level of the learners.

Stage 4. Follow the PPPF Rule. Hayden Smith and Thomas Nagel (1972) book authors on Instructional Media, advise us to abide by the acronym PPPF which stands for Prepare Yourself, Prepare your Students, Present the Materials, and Follow up. This is technically referring to the use of visual and technological aids, but may also be useful in performance-based pedagogies. First, a teacher must prepare himself or herself before delivering the instructions in front of the class. Its aim is to avoid misleading directions in the execution of the activities. Afterwards, to prepare the students is to highlight motivational activities that should capture their attentions and interests. It is deemed important to make the students follow the flow until the end. Next, the teacher must ensure that a sample demonstration of the skill is well presented (as if presenting a material). Lastly, the teacher should check if everybody can still follow the lesson. This makes them even readier before such assessments.

Stage 5. Implement the assessment with Rubrics or Matrices. Performance-based tasks are far different from paper-pencil examinations. It is more of affective and psychomotor domains of learning. To measure, evaluate, and assess the performances of the students, it is necessary for a teacher to utilize checklists, rubrics, or matrices. What are these? These are assessment tools designed for scoring student work against a pre-defined set of criteria and a variety of products applicable for developmental, as well as mastery-oriented styles. It assures that the data and statistics of scores are accurate, not only subjective, but also objective for the side of the assessor. It also refrains from questionable giving of marks and remarks. After executing the performance, the teacher may already tabulate the scores for finalization.

Stage 6. Give honest and unbiased comments and suggestions. The essence of being a teacher does not only focus on teaching and depositing knowledge to the innocent minds of the learners. It should be imperative that the teacher gives reasonable, honest, and unbiased comments and suggestions to a student who had just performed his or her task. This way, the rooms for improvement of the child will be filled with growth and development.

Stage 7. Re-teach the lesson if necessary. If the results did not tally with the plotted percentage of passing rate, do not be anxious. It is normal that an individual undergoes failure. Re-teach the lesson and redo the assessment. Remember, failure is the twin of success.

            Finally, the essence of sweet victory will only be understood if the concrete, laborious challenges are felt.


Five Philosophical Principles of Dealing with Unruly Students

posted Jun 15, 2017, 1:30 AM by Jose Dasig

By: Albert Punzalan

It is nobody’s fault why there are students who are arduous to control their behavior. It is a natural law that a balance is well observed in certain vicinity, like the force of the magnet that attracts its opposite, but repels its similar pole. An educator has to understand that it is part of his or her job to reinforce through punishments and rewards learners who are absolutely controllable and uncontrollable. There are philosophical principles a teacher may ponder to avoid giving up on his or her duties:

1.      You are not a teacher if you do not expect unpleasant behaviors. It is a reality that there are schools where majority of the students are manifesting a constant courtesy and respect to their gurus, but not for so long. When thinking about public schools, one type of stereotyping among teachers commonly occurs – that most students are showing displeasing attitudes and manners. However, a teacher should not worry too much about this. He or she should have firstly thought that the world he or she entered reveals so many distressful events. To face these unwanted signs among the learners is the great role of a teacher. An educator should not be scared or peevish to deal with these scholastic problems. Otherwise, not a touch of teaching and learning will be rather effective.

2.      There is no teacher without students living in a chaotic classroom. Chaos is a noun that refers to a complete disorder and confusion. It becomes an adjective when added a suffix, thus termed “chaotic.” Somehow, we may figuratively define a chaotic classroom as a physical learning environment where a number of intolerable students are accommodating it. Yet it does not mean that a teacher accountable for the said class is not good or not responsible at all. Instead, this guru has the chance to prove that chaos may be changed to order. This is how educators should view various hindrances. It means a lot when someone becomes benevolent out of a ravishing and tormenting insolence. Striving until the finish line is not enough. Striving until the next starting point matters most.

3.      Love magically softens even the sturdiest heart.Take into account that once an impudent student is ashamed in front of the class by the teacher, he or she may come up with an immediate plan against the one concerned. A teacher should be familiar with the hidden or misunderstood agenda of the students. That learner is deeply affected with so much troubled heart that aches inside, thus he distrusts anyone to be a provider of a needed attention. What someone needs is tender care, passionate love, and soothing comfort. Time gradually mends the fissure over someone who goes through pain. A school is another home for a student, and a teacher serves as the second parent.

4.      Words are sweet, but are also sharp blades that cut deep down the bones. One of the best and practical ways in disciplining a student is by addressing a sermon (as if a parent is seriously directing to his or her child). However, there are some instances that these lectures are relatively discouraging and below the belt. It gnaws the ears of the people who might hear every single statement, and the worst is when they become emotionally unsecure. The late Senator Miriam Defensor-Santiago quoted that a true teacher does not terrorize ignorant students, because a true teacher knows that it is his job to cure ignorance. Fear creates a desolate feeling among any living creature. If a learner is disturbed with the muttered bad languages, concentration towards good thoughts is neglected. A teacher must not only act professionally, but must also possess a concrete manifestation of professionalism. By carefully thinking first before articulating harsh words, surely, a harmonious relationship will trigger a long-term camaraderie.

5.      Enjoy life, enjoy being a teacher. The most suitable feeling to pursue a teaching profession is by enjoying every moment of teaching that lasts like a lifetime. A bad situation turns harder to solve when it is injected with negative energies. That is to say, 10 % happens to an individual’s life while the rest of 90 % depends on how he or she reacts. Teachers serve as prime models for all who wish to learn better. It is a force of positive feeling that disseminates joy and carves a smile and guarantees laughter to all faces glowing with determined goals. Enjoyment is the best remedy.


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